Fountain Valley

This article is about the city in California. For the valley and rural community in British Columbia, Canada, see Fountain Valley (British Columbia). For the unincorporated community in Waushara County, see Fountain Valley, Wisconsin.
City of Fountain Valley
City

Seal
Motto: “A Nice Place to Live”

Location of Fountain Valley within Orange County, California.
Coordinates: 33°42′31″N 117°57′23″W / 33.70861°N 117.95639°W / 33.70861; -117.95639
Country Fountain Valley United States
State Fountain Valley California
County Orange
Government
 • Mayor John Edward Collins
Area[1]
 • Total 9.031 sq mi (23.391 km2)
 • Land 9.018 sq mi (23.357 km2)
 • Water 0.013 sq mi (0.034 km2)  0.14%
Elevation 33 ft (10 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 55,313
 • Density 6,100/sq mi (2,400/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92708, 92728
Area code(s) 714/657
FIPS code 06-25380
GNIS feature ID 1652712
Website fountainvalley.org
Fountain Valley
Fountain Valley

Hauling hay in Talbert

Fountain Valley
Fountain Valley

Harbor Blvd at Heil Ave, 1960s

Fountain Valley is a city in Orange County, California. The population was 55,313 at the 2010 census. A classic bedroom community, Fountain Valley is a middle-class residential area.

History

The area encompassing Fountain Valley was originally inhabited by the Tongva people. European settlement of the area began when Manuel Nieto was granted the land for Rancho Los Nietos, which encompassed over 300,000 acres (1,200 km2), including present-day Fountain Valley. Control of the land was subsequently transferred to Mexico upon independence from Spain, and then to the United States as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

The city was incorporated in 1957, before which it was known as Talbert (also as Gospel Swamps by residents). The name of Fountain Valley refers to the very high water table in the area at the time the name was chosen, and the many corresponding artesian wells in the area. Early settlers constructed drainage canals to make the land usable for agriculture, which remained the dominant use of land until the 1960s, when construction of large housing tracts accelerated.[2] After the Fall of Saigon in 1975, there was a large influx of Vietnamese refugees settling in Fountain Valley, especially in the late 1970s and throughout the 80s, forming a large percentage of Asian Americans in the city.

Geography

Fountain Valley is located at 33°42′31″N 117°57′23″W / 33.70861°N 117.95639°W / 33.70861; -117.95639 (33.708618, -117.956295).[3] The elevation of the city is approximately twenty feet above sea level, slightly lower than surrounding areas. This is especially noticeable in the southwest area of the city, where several streets have a steep grade as they cross into Huntington Beach.

The city is located southwest and northeast of the San Diego Freeway (Interstate 405), which diagonally bisects the city, and is surrounded by Huntington Beach on the south and west, Westminster and Garden Grove on the north, Santa Ana on the northeast, and Costa Mesa on the southeast. Its eastern border is the Santa Ana River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.4 km2 (9.0 sq mi) 0.14% of which is water.

Community amenities

Fountain Valley is home to Mile Square Regional Park, a 640 acres (2.6 km2) park containing two lakes, three 18-hole golf courses, playing fields, picnic shelters, and a 20-acre (81,000 m2) urban-nature area planted with California native plants, a 55-acre (220,000 m2) recreation center with tennis courts, basketball courts, racquetball courts, a gymnasium, and the Kingston Boys & Girls Club; There is also a community center and a 16,652sq ft senior center that opened in September, 2005. A major redevelopment of the recreation center and city-administered sports fields was completed in early 2009.

Fire protection and emergency medical services are provided by two stations of the Fountain Valley Fire Department. Law enforcement is provided by the Fountain Valley Police Department. Ambulance service is provided by Care Ambulance Service.

The Orange County Sanitation District’s administrative offices and primary plant is located in Fountain Valley next to the Santa Ana River. The agency is the third-largest sanitation district in the western United States. Fountain Valley is also home to the offices of the Municipal Water District of Orange County, a member of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California and of the Orange County Water District. The Orange County Water District manages the groundwater basin in central and northern Orange County and operates the Groundwater Replenishment System, the world’s largest water purification plant for groundwater recharge.[citation needed]

Fountain Valley has two fully accredited major medical centers: the Fountain Valley Regional Hospital with 400 beds available, and Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center with 230 beds, a medical clinic, and an outpatient medical building.

The city also has 18 churches, one Reform synagogue, a mosque and a public library.

Fountain Valley has its own newspaper, the Fountain Valley View, operated by the Orange County Register.

Economy

As a suburban city, most of Fountain Valley’s residents commute to work in other urban centers. However, in recent years, the city has seen an increase in commercial jobs in the city, with the growth of a commercial center near the Santa Ana River known as the “Southpark” district.

Although the economy of the area was once based mainly on agriculture, the remaining production consists of several fields of strawberries or other small crops, which are gradually being replaced by new office development. Efforts to bolster economic activity are evidenced by the city enacting policies to benefit small businesses, and even going so far as to paint a mural on the facade of a large water treatment building facing the freeway that depicts two shopping bags headlined by the words, “Shop in Fountain Valley.”[4]

Fountain Valley is home to the national headquarters of Hyundai Motor America[5] and D-Link Corporation, the global headquarters of memory chip manufacturer Kingston Technology, and the corporate headquarters of Surefire, LLC, maker of military and commercial flashlights. The Southpark commercial area is also home to offices for companies such as D-Link, Starbucks, Satura and the Orange County Register. There are also a limited number of light industrial companies in this area. In addition, Fountain Valley is the location for Noritz, a tankless water heater manufacturer, and the main west coast offices of Ceridian, a professional employer organization.

The increasing commercial growth can be evidenced by the frequent rush-hour traffic bottlenecks on the San Diego (405) Freeway through Fountain Valley.

Top employers

According to the City’s 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[6] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Fountain Valley Regional Hospital and Medical Center 1,668
2 Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center 1,133
3 Kingston Technology 859
4 SureFire 569
5 MemorialCare Health System 544
6 Ceridian 466
7 Costco 410
8 Hyundai Motor 387
9 Hyundai Capital 309
10 Fry’s Electronics 304
11 D-Link 230
12 HCR Manor Care 220

Education

There are three high schools, three middle schools, nine elementary schools, one K-12 school, and two K-8 schools. However, some students who live in the city of Fountain Valley actually attend schools in other cities.

Fountain Valley is also home to Coastline Community College. Community colleges in the area include Orange Coast College and Golden West College, located nearby in the cities of Costa Mesa and Huntington Beach, respectively.

High schools in Huntington Beach Union High School District

High schools in Garden Grove Unified School District

Middle schools in Fountain Valley School District

Middle schools in Ocean View Middle School District

  • Vista View Middle School

Elementary schools in Garden Grove Unified School District

  • Allen Elementary School, a 2011 Blue Ribbon Award winner[8]
  • Monroe Elementary School
  • Northcutt Elementary School

Elementary schools in Fountain Valley School District

  • Courreges Elementary School
  • Cox Elementary School
  • Gisler Elementary School
  • Moiola Elementary School (K-8)
  • Plavan Elementary School
  • Tamura Elementary School
  • Newland Elementary School

Private schools

  • Shoreline Christian School (K-8)[9]

Transportation

In addition to the San Diego Freeway, which bisects the city, Fountain Valley is served by several bus lines operated by the Orange County Transportation Authority. Bus routes 33, 35, 37, 70, 72, 74, and 172 cover the city’s major streets.

Most of the major roads are equipped with bicycle lanes, especially around Mile Square Park, which offers wide bike paths along the major streets that mark its boundary. Dedicated bike paths along the Santa Ana River run from the city of Corona to the Pacific Ocean.

Demographics

2010

The 2010 United States Census[10] reported that Fountain Valley had a population of 55,313. The population density was 6,124.7 people per square mile (2,364.8/km²). The racial makeup of Fountain Valley was 31,225 (56.5%) White (49.2% Non-Hispanic White),[11] (0.9%) African American,[11] 229 (0.4%) Native American, 18,418 (33.3%) Asian, 171 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 2,445 (4.4%) from other races, and 2,315 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7,250 persons (13.1%).

The Census reported that 54,876 people (99.2% of the population) lived in households, 257 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 180 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 18,648 households, out of which 6,341 (34.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 11,142 (59.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,102 (11.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 970 (5.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 646 (3.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 108 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,451 households (18.5%) were made up of individuals and 1,772 (9.5%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94. There were 14,214 families (76.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.34.

The population was spread out with 11,643 people (21.0%) under the age of 18, 4,624 people (8.4%) aged 18 to 24, 13,310 people (24.1%) aged 25 to 44, 16,020 people (29.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 9,716 people (17.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

There were 19,164 housing units at an average density of 2,122.0 per square mile (819.3/km²), of which 13,458 (72.2%) were owner-occupied, and 5,190 (27.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.8%. 40,718 people (73.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 14,158 people (25.6%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Fountain Valley had a median household income of $81,212, with 6.7% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [12]

2000

According to the census[13] of 2000, there were 54,978 people, 18,162 households, and 14,220 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,167.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,382.4/km²). There were 18,473 housing units at an average density of 2,072.4 per square mile (800.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.02% White, 1.11% Black or African American, 0.46% American Indian or Alaskan Native, 10.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.76% Asian, 0.40% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 3.95% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races.

There were 18,162 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $78,729, and the median income for a family was $90,335.[14] Males had a median income of $60,399 versus $43,089 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,521. About 1.6% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Fountain Valley is located in the 35th Senate District, represented by Republican Tom Harman, and in the 68th Assembly District, represented by Republican Allan Mansoor. Federally, Fountain Valley is located in California’s 48th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +6[15] and is represented by Republican Dana Rohrabacher.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ “History of the City of Fountain Valley”. Official website. 
  3. ^ “US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990″. United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ http://www.fountainvalley.org/businesses/ShopinFV.php
  5. ^ Luna, Claire (2003-04-23). “Hyundai to Help Keep Music in Fountain Valley Schools”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  6. ^ City of Fountain Valley CAFR
  7. ^ Id Reyes (February 17, 1992). MN-Main News. “Night Visitors Brought Halt to Family’s Hopes. Relocation: Odyssey of O.C.’s Masudas mirrored the fates of thousands along the West Coast.”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012. 
  8. ^ Blume, Howard (15 September 2011). “Local campuses named national ‘blue ribbon’ schools”. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  9. ^ http://www.scsfv.org/
  10. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  11. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0625380.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0625380.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ “2005-2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates”. US Census Bureau. 
  15. ^ “Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?”. Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  16. ^ “= Luke Hudson Stats”. Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  17. ^ “Ken Margerum”. databaseFootball.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 

External links

Coordinates: 33°42′31″N 117°57′23″W / 33.708618°N 117.956295°W / 33.708618; -117.956295



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Fountain Valley

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